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# Year 5

## Have a look at our Calculation Policy to see how we teach addition, subtraction, multiplication and division in each year group.

Fractions

In Year 5 we are taught to:

• compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
• identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths

• recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number (e.g. 2/5 + 4/5 = 6/5 = 1   1/5)

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• add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and multiples of the same number

• multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams

## How to convert fractions to the same denomination. ## How add fractions with different denominators. Perimeter and Area

In Year 5 we are taught to:

• measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres

• calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares) and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2) and square metres (m2) and estimate the area of irregular shapes

## Perimeter - learner video ## Multiplication

In Year 5 the children are expected to:

• identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers.

• know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (non-prime) numbers

• establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19

• multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers

• recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared (2) and cubed (3)

• solve problems involving multiplication

• multiply whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000

In Year 5 we are taught to:

• add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits,

including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)

• add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers

• use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy

• solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

## Subtraction - learner video  